The Indian government's unveiling of the 2019 National Education Policy (NEP) initiated sweeping changes to the country’s education system. Improving education quality was the driving force to the many NEP reforms that were introduced. This meant raising the bar for the quality of teachers that are employed, setting new standards for how examinations are held, and creating new paths to partnership with other universities internationally.
The NEP also proposed a requirement for national institutions to become multidisciplinary, introducing need-based learning, as well as e-learning modules in line with modern technology. In addition, credit based modular formats with multiple exit and transfer options were introduced to give students more choices and greater flexibility. This has encouraged experiential and practical learning alongside critical thinking abilities of students.
The NEP has brought a paradigm shift to the educational structure of schools. It has transformed from a 10+2 structure, breaking down the Indian education system into a foundational stage, preparatory stage, middle school and secondary school; finally ending with higher education and further research studies.
Creating a boom for study abroad
The top business and management schools, art and design schools, and others, all have one thing in common: campuses based outside of their home countries. The NEP has better enabled international universities to open Indian campuses to outside institutions around the world with land grants and other direct investments.
Indian students reportedly spend around INR 40,000 crores each year on international education – a number that could be tripled as more international institutions expand to India.
The NEP is taking steps to untangle the regulatory framework of Indian education itself, allowing universities and investors to focus on physical requirements of providing proper campuses, technology, libraries as well as properly trained faculty –all delivered within India.
While the reforms proposed by the NEP are not currently mandatory, most Indian institutions have welcomed the changes, as they allow for ease in higher education – by emulating a foreign structure and bringing the Indian system in line with the education structure based abroad, students and young people have larger opportunities to study outside, partake in exchange programs, undertake internships abroad and showcase their abilities.
Not only that, but students have more support from the government in terms of financial aid, grants and fellowships to undertake their studies abroad – not just for domestic education, but also for outside institutions with campuses in India.